Diet: A good hamster pellet, ample grass hay, a bit of seed mix, some fresh veggies, and the occasional treat (such as a piece of “milk bone”) will keep your hammy well-fed and healthy. A clean stick of fruit wood will provide hours of chewing fun, and will also help keep his teeth healthy. Being a rodent, those teeth grow constantly, and he needs to wear them down. Hamsters love to stash food, which makes it difficult to judge how much they have eaten. Stashes of fresh vegetables become moldy quickly, particularly in warm weather, so be sure to root those out when you clean the cage. As with most pets, a constant supply of fresh clean water is crucial.
Exercise: Hamsters are perhaps best known for their love of exercise wheels. They will amuse themselves for extended periods of time by running on their wheels. The wheel must be big enough that the animal does not need to arch its back.
Home/Environment: The main thing to remember about the home environment for hamsters is that they are nocturnal. They will be active at night and sleepy during the day. Hamsters are prey animals. For their peace of mind, keep larger animals away from the cage.
Equipment: Hamster “habitats” composed of interlocking plastic tubes are very popular. Another choice of a hamster home is a wire cage with a solid plastic bottom. The plastic should extend up the walls for several centimeters in order to contain the bedding. The wire walls and ceiling allow for plenty of ventilation. Your hamster will also need a hamster wheel. Be sure it is big enough for a golden hamster. If your hammy will need to curve his back to use it, the wheel is too small. A water bottle for the side of the cage and a couple of ceramic bowls will do nicely for dishes.